The Java Development Kit (JDK) is mainly a set of tools for running, compiling and debugging Java applications.
There are a few other JDK, but in this article we'll see how to manually install the Oracle's JDK in any distribution from the Ubuntu family. The process consists of downloading the binary package, extract it and update the system so that the new version is used. By the way, if you installed the JDK via PPA, as described in my previous article, both can work alongside. The command
update-alternatives can be used to choose one between them.
The first step is to download the latest binaries package from Oracle's website. On the downloads webpage choose the JDK download button.
On the next page you'll see list of several files, but you should focus your attention on two: The file name ends with
x86_64.tar.gz. If your system is 32 bits you should select the first one and select the latter if it's 64 bits. If you're unsure, run the command
uname -m on a terminal window. Now download the file you need and take note of its download location.
We've downloaded the package, so now we must install it.
Start by opening a terminal window and changing the current directory, using
cd command, to the download destination.
Then extract the package:
sudo tar -zxvf jdk*.tar.gz -C /usr/lib/jvm/
Add the new
java alternative to the system:
for alt in java javac; do sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/$alt $alt /usr/lib/jvm/jdk*/bin/$alt 1000; done
Finally, update the
java alternatives, typing the selection number of the last choice presented by the command bellow. You'll be prompted twice, once for
java and another time for
for alt in java javac; do sudo update-alternatives --config $alt; done
If you want to remove Oracle's JDK, here's how to proceed: Choose another alternative for
javac, then just remove the JDK directory.
for alt in java javac; do sudo update-alternatives --config $alt; done && sudo rm -rf /usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.7*